& LIFESTYLE OF NAINITAL - KUMAON - GARHWAL - UTTARAKHAND
are mostly rice eating in habit but wheat, maduwa and other grains
are also consumed. In pulses, people prefer Urad, Gahat, Bhatt,
Masur. Meat is also common among the people. Ceremonial food consists
of Kheer, Singhal, Poori, Pua, Bada, Kapa made of Palak, Raita,
Khatai etc. The other typical kumouni foods are Chudkani & Bhattiya
made of bhatt & Soya been, Gautras made of Gahat, Jholee made from
mattha, Gaba vegetable. In towns restaurants provide general food
along with Chinese & South Indian dishes. There are people who enjoy
fishes, Tharus and Bengali settlers comes in this class.
About People :-
At all auspicious occasions tilak made out of processed turmeric
with akshat (Pithya) is put on the forehead. Village ladies
are seen with a long pithya starting from the upper nose up
Various superstitions exists as common throughout the country.
A black spot is put on the forehead of a child to ward away
from evil spirits.
Courtesy calls are made on days other than Tuesday and Saturday.
Mourning calls are made exclusively on Tuesday and Saturdays. Visit
to sick persons are not made on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
Females do not pay visit to their mothers on Thursday. Elders are
greeted by touching their feet with ovation of pailagon and responded
by chirinjivi bhav or saubhagyavati bhav. Others are greeted with
folded hands using Namaskar.
Married women put round ingoor or sindoor on their forehead. On
special occasions married women wear huge golden nose ring called
nath. Black beaded ( Chareu) garland on their neck is considered
to be the pious symbol of leading a married life for a woman. Golden
necklace is commonly used but poor people use silver in the neck
known as Hansuli. So far as the usual dress is concerned females
wear sari but there is still a longing for the conventional dress
of ghaghara- pichora. Every lady keeps it ready for ceremonial occasions.
People live in houses made out of stone or bricks. Few old constructions
are made out of wood also. Wood carvings which was very common in
the past are now very rare. In hilly area, roofs have slopes and
roofing is done with the help of tin or slates of stone. In villages,
animals live in ground floor called Goth and human beings in first
Hill temples are the monuments having mixture of deep sense of art
and culture. Sculpture varies with the time of inception of the
temple. The mode of worship is also different in many aspects from
that of plains. These temples act as the nucleus of the social and
Hill people organise Jagars to please local Deities (Gods)
- Golu Devta, Bholanath, Sam, Aidi, Gangnath are some
of the local deities.
Some local delicacies are :-
Bal Mithai ("Chocolate" Mithai)
Bhatt Ka Joula
Muli ka Thechua
Gaderi Ki Sabji
Gauhat ki Daal
Lason Ka Lur
Bathue ka Paratha
Madwe Ki Roti
Bhatt Ki Churkani
Bhang Ki Chatnee
Dhai ka Jaula
Papad Ki Sabji
Peenalu Ki Sabji
Chanda Devi aur Saladi ka Raita