Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh in India.
Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District
and Lucknow Division. Located in what was originally known as
the Awadh (Oudh) region, Lucknow has always been known as a
multicultural city, and flourished as a cultural and artistic
capital of North India in the 18th and 19th centuries. Courtly
manners, beautiful gardens, poetry, music, and fine cuisine
patronised by the Shia Nawabs of Iranian origin, are well known
amongst Indians and students of South Asian culture and history.
Lucknow is popularly known as The City of Nawabs. It is also
known as the Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and The
Constantinople of India. Lucknow to Nainital distance is roughly
around 400 kms.
The Lucknow city is also famous for its Zari work (a type of
embroidery or fabric decoration), 'Jhumka' - an intricate ear-rings
or ear-pendants, Surma (Kohl and Manja. Manja (the glass powder
coated kite flying and fighting string) called 'Luddhi Manja'.
This manja thrives on a secret recipe of rice, fevicol and glass,
all in good quantity. It is also a huge center for the manufacture
of furniture and for trade in cotton, grain, and sugar.
Geography of Lucknow
Situated in the heart of the great Gangetic plain, Lucknow city
is surrounded by its rural towns and villages like the orchard
town of Malihabad, historic Kakori, Mohanlal ganj, Gosainganj,
Chinhat, Itaunja. On its eastern side lies Barabanki District,
on the western side is Unnao District, on the southern side
Raebareli District, and on the northern side the Sitapur and
Hardoi districts. The Gomti River, the chief geographical feature,
meanders through the city, dividing it into the Trans-Gomti
and Cis-Gomti regions. Lucknow city is located in the seismic
History of Lucknow
Ancient history of Lucknow is mired in mystries and folk sayings.
It is popularly believed that Lucknow derives its name from
Lakshman who was also known as Lakhan Lakshman was the younger
brother of Lord Rama, greatest hero of Suryawanshi kshatriya
clan of India. Ram ordered Lakshman to establish a new town
near Ayodhya (capital of Rama). Lakshman came to this area and
built a strong fort. The present Lakshman Teela in Lucknow is
believed to be the site of ancient city of Lakhanpur, built
Post independence Lucknow :-
In 1901, after remaining the capital of Oudh since 1775, Lucknow,
with a population of 264,049, was merged in the newly formed
United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. However, it became the provincial
capital in 1920 when the seat of government was moved from Allahabad.
Upon Indian independence in 1947, Lucknow became the capital
of Uttar Pradesh, the erstwhile United Provinces.
Climate - Weather of Lucknow
Summer 45 °C to 30 °C, Winter 25 °C to 2 °C
Lucknow has a warm humid subtropical climate with cool, dry
winters from December to February and dry, hot summers from
April to June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September,
when Lucknow gets an average rainfall of 896.2 millimetres (35.28
in) from the south-west monsoon winds, and occasionally frontal
rainfall will occur in January. In winter the maximum temperature
is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the minimum is in the 2 to 3 degrees
Celsius range. Fog is quite common from late December to late
January. Summers are extremely hot with temperatures rising
to the 40 to 45 degree Celsius range, the average highs being
in the high 30's.
Culture of Lucknow
The Pehle-Aap (after you) culture, popularised as a tagline
for the society of Lucknow, is waning. But a small part of Lucknow's
society still possesses such etiquette. This sublime cultural
richness famous as Lakhnawi tehzeeb blends the cultures of two
communities living side by side for centuries, sharing similar
interests and speaking a common language. Nowadays this culture
is empowring itself as many people are migrating from different
places around India.
Many of the cultural traits and customs peculiar to Lucknow
have become living legends today. The credit for this goes to
the secular and syncretic traditions of the Nawabs of Awadh,
who took a keen interest in every walk of life, and encouraged
the traditions to attain a rare degree of sophistication. The
Raja Sahib of Mahmudabad, popularly known as Suleiman Mian,
is a living example of all the great traditions of this region
and has been written about by authors like V.S. Naipaul, William
Dalrymple and many others.
Cuisine of Lucknow
The Awadh region has its own distinct Nawabi style cuisine,
the most famous cuisine of Awadhi Region is Tunday Kabab with
various kinds of biryanis, kebabs and breads. Kebabs are also
of different types – Kakori Kebabs, Galawati Kebabs, Shami Kebabs,
Boti Kababs, Patili-ke-Kababs, Ghutwa Kababs and Seekh Kababs
are among the known varieties.
The city has a range of fine restaurants catering to all tastes
Makkhan Malai, 'Malai Ki Gilori' of Ram Asrey (an oldest shop
of pure ghee sweets, established in 1805) Chowk, the famous
Tundey Kebabs, named after the one-armed chef Haji Murad Ali,
and 'Kakori kebabs' are very popular with food lovers. Other
famous restaurants are 'Dastarkhwan', 'Naushijaan', and 'Nawabs'.
The Chaat in Lucknow is one of the best in the country. There
are quite a few places serving outstanding chaat, like Shukla
Chaat and Moti Mahal in Hazratganj, Radhey Lal in Aliganj and
gomti nagar, Chhappan Bhog in Sadar and Neel Kanth in Gomti
Nagar, and famous Jagdish Chaat House in old lucknow Chowk.
And among sweets lucknow's rewadi is famous all over India.
After a delicious dinner, one can have Paan at any of the innumerable
Lucknow is a hub of education and research and many premier
institutions are located in and around city. City has many universities,
Engineering Colleges, Management Institutes, Research Institutes
Most prominent university is Lucknow University; others being
Gautam Buddh Technical University (GBTU), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia
.National Law University, Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical
University (formerly King George Medical College/University).
The University of Lucknow is is affiliated to University Grants
Commission; Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU);
Association of Indian Universities (AIU); Distance Education
Council (DEC). Other accreditations include National Assessment
and Accreditation Council (NAAC); National Council of Teacher
Education (NCTE); Bar Council of India (BCI). It was affiliated
to UGC in the year 1921. Most of the courses have an 'Yearly'
system, although some of the new courses, like BBA (Bachelor
in Business Administration) and MBA have opted for a Semester
Lucknow University was established in law by the Governor General
on November 25, 1920. Sir Harcourt Butler laid the foundation
stone of the University on March 19, 1921, and Dr. Gyanendra
Nath Chakravarti became its first vice-chancellor. On July 17,
1921 classes commenced.
Lucknow Railway Station
The city is served by several railway stations at different
parts of the city. The main railway station is Lucknow Railway
Station at Charbagh. It has an imposing structure built
in 1923. The main terminal belongs to Northern Railway (NR)
(station code: LKO) division of Indian Railways and the
second terminal is run by the North Eastern Railway (NER) (Station
Code: LJN). Lucknow is a major junction with links to
all major cities of the state and country such as New Delhi,
Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad, Pune,
Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur and many more. Lucknow
has a further thirteen railway stations viz. Alamnagar, Malhaur,
Utretia, Transport Nagar, Dilkhusha, Gomti Nagar, Badshahnagar,
Manak Nagar, Amausi, Aishbagh junction, Lucknow City, Daliganj
and Mohibullapur. Now meter gauge services originate from Aishbagh
and connect to Lucknow city, Daliganj and Mohibullapur. Except
Mohibullapur all the stations are also connected to Broad gauge.
All the stations are within city limits and are well connected
with each other via road networks and public road transport.
Other suburban stations include Bakshi Ka Talab and Kakori.
Many stations are covered by Lucknow-Kanpur Suburban Railway.
It serves daily commuters. Some of the trains are operated from
Lucknow Railway Station Code :- LKO - LJN
Amenities at Lucknow Railway Station :- Tourist Information
Centres, Post And Telegraph Office, Computer Reservation Office,
Retiring Room, G.R.P. Office, Refreshment Room - Veg/Non Veg,
Tea Stall, Book Stall.
From Lucknow to Nainital -
is nearest Railway Station
to Kathgodam depart from 1 station in Lucknow: Lucknow
Kathgodam to Nainital is only 34 Kms.
Note: The running days are from Lucknow.
Lucknow By Air :
The Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, Amausi serves
as the city's main airport and is located about 20 km
from the city center. Lucknow is directly connected by air with
New Delhi, Patna, Kolkata, Mumbai and Hyderabad. Oman Air, FlyDubai,
Buddha Airlines, Saudi Airlines, Indian Airlines and IndigoAir
and many more international airlines that are operating international
flights from Lucknow. International destinations include Dubai,
Muscat, Sharjah, Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh and Kathmandu (Nepal).
During Haj special flights are also operated from Lucknow.
Lucknow By Road :
From Hazratganj intersection in Lucknow city, four Indian National
Highways originate, viz, NH-24 to Delhi, NH-25 to Shivpuri,
Jhansi (M.P. Border), NH-56 to Varanasi and NH-28 to Mokama
(Bihar).The available multiple modes of public transport in
the city are taxis, city buses, cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws
and CNG Low Floor AC or Non AC Buses. CNG has been introduced
recently as an auto fuel to keep the air pollution in control.
Lucknow To Nainital By Road :
Lucknow - Sitapur - Shahjahanpur - Bareilly. From Bareilly there’s
a turn off to Lalkuan - Haldwani - Kathgodham and onwards to
Lucknow to Sitapur – 77 km Sitapur to Shahjahanpur – 85 km Shahjahanpur
to Bareilly – 77 km Bareilly to Haldwani – 85 km Haldwani to
Nainital – 40 km
Map of Lucknow to Nainital
Tourist coming by rail mode can take Taxi or Buses from Kathgodam
Railway Station. Nainital Tourism provides Pickup &
Drop facility from Kathgodam Railway Station to anywhere in
Tourism offers online booking
for various Hotels & Resorts in Nainital District
& Uttarakhand + We can arrange for the train tickets from
Lucknow to Kathgodam.
Available All Types of Vehicles
at Lucknow - Nainital
DELUXE BUSES, INNOVA, INDIGO, INDICA, SUMO, QUALIS,
Transport Rates / Hotel Booking in Nainital
or Nainital Tour Packages
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