Agra is the one of the prominent destinations of the World Tourism map
with three heritage monuments - The Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri & Red Fort.
The Taj Mahal is a UNESCO world Heritage site and is considered one of the
wonders of the world. Agra is 403 kms from Nainital and 363
kilometres (226 mi) west of state capital, Lucknow and 200 kilometres (124
mi) south from national capital New Delhi.
Location of Agra :-
The Agra district is situated in western U.P. between 27.11' degree Latitude North and 78.0' degree to 78.2' degree Longitute East. Its Altitude is 169 meters above sea level. On the North it is bounded by Mathura District, On the South it is bounded by Dhaulpur District, On the East it is bounded by Firozabad District and On the West it is bounded by Bharatpur. Agra is situated on the bank of Yamuna river.
Inside Tajmahal Entrance
History of Agra :-
Agra has a rich historical background, which is amply evident from the numerous historical monuments in and around the city. The earliest reference for Agra comes from the epical age, when Mahabharata refer Agra as Agravana. In the sources prior to this, Agra has been referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. The first person who referred Agra by its modern name was Ptolemy.
Though the heritage of Agra city is linked with the Mughal dynasty, numerous other rulers also contributed to the rich past of this city. Modern Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babar (founder of the Mughal dynasty) also stayed for sometime in Agra and introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here. Emperor Akbar built the Agra fort and Fatehpur Sikri near Agra. Fatehpur Sikri remained his capital for around fifteen years after which the city was left isolated in mysterious circumstances. Jahangir beautified Agra with palaces and gardens despite spending most of his time in Kashmir with which he was passionately attached.
Agra came to its own when Shahjahan ascended to the throne of Mughal Empire. He marked the zenith of Mughal architecture, when he built the Taj in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. In his later years, Shahjahan shifted his capital to the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi and ruled from there. Shahjahan was dethroned in 1658 by his son, Aurangzeb who imprisoned him in the Agra Fort. Aurangzeb shifted the capital back to Agra till his death. After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal Empire could not touch its peak and many regional kingdoms emerged. The post-Mughal era of Agra saw the rule of the Jats, Marathas and finally the British taking over the city.
Origin and Development of Agra :-
Agra is the city of the inimitable Taj Mahal. The story of Agra beigns much earlier then the Taj, However it finds mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was called Agrabana are Paradise. Ptolemy, the famous second century A.D. geographer, marked it on his map of the world as Agra. Tradition and legend ascribe the present city of Raja Badal Singh (around 1475 A.D.) whose Fort, Badalgarh, Stood on or near the site of the present Fort. However, the 12th century A.D. persian poet Salman, too, Speaks of a desperate assault on the forrtress of Agra, then held by one King Jaipal, by sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. It was Mughals who finally nurtured Agra with the finest monuments architects could design : The Taj Mahal of Shah Jhan, Agra Fort of Akbar, Itmad-Ud-Daulah and neighbouring Sikandra are but few of the many that spangle the city, each of which stands in mute testimony to the city's grandur over the ages.
Tourism In Agra - Agra Tourism - Places to visit in Agra - Visiting Places - Agra Sight Seeing
Agra Tourism has also has a number of monuments ranging from the world known structures such as, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri others are tombs such as Sikandra (Akbar's tomb), Mariam's tomb, Itmad-ud-daulah's tomb and Chini ka Rauza. Ram Bagh and Swami Bagh Temple at Dayal Bagh have their own history. Mehtab Bagh & Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Centres, last not the least Full Moon Visit to Taj Mahal.
Agra Tourism | Tourism Agra | Taj Mahal Tour | Agra Tour |
Agra Fort : Beautiful historical site with stunning view of Taj Mahal across the Yamuna River also known as Lal Haveli. The great Mughal Emperor Akbar commissioned the construction of the Agra Fort in 1666, A.D. although additions were made till the time of his grandson Shahjahan who broke the continuity of red sand stone to create white marble monuments.
The forbidding exteriors of this fort hide an inner paradise. There are a number of exquisite buildings like Moti Masjid - a white marble mosque akin to a perfect pearl; Diwan-I-Am, Diwan-I-Khaas, Musamman Burj - where Shahjahan died in 1666 A.D. Jahangir's Palace; Khaas Mahal and Shish Mahal.
Shahjahan was imprisoned here at the end of his life by his son and it is said he sat in a tower and gazed at the tomb of his beloved Mumtaz all day as there is a wonderful view from the Agra Fort of the Taj Mahal in the distance.
Open: All days Timings: Sunrise to Sunset. Distance: 5 Kms.
Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb (10 Km) : Along the Yamuna river, on the opposite side from the Taj. The exquisite intricate marble carvings and the perfectly painted and decorated walls and ceiling leave you speechless. Itimad-ud-daulah was built by Emperor Jahangir's queen, Nurjahan, in the memory of her father Mirza Ghias Beg during 1622-1628 A.D. Built entirely in white marble and inlaid with semi-precious stones, this mausoleum on the bank of the Yamuna River, exhibits a strong Persian influence. This tomb also features many paintings.
Open: All days Timings: Sunrise to Sunset. Distance:10 Kms.
Khas Mahal : Situated along the river front is the wonderful elegant marble hall. Built in white marble consists the palace of the King in the middle with a beautiful pool in the front and view of the Angoori Bagh (The Garden). It is flanked on either side with the palaces of the Daughters. The roofs are gilded with Brass now but once used to be plated (covered) with real Gold.
How to Reach Agra - Transportation - Reaching Agra :-
Agra By Air
Agra Airport - Kheria Air Force Station is about 5 km from city center and is also known as Agra Civil Enclaves. All the major domestic airlines provide flight services to and from the city of Taj.
Agra By Railways
Agra is on the central train line between Delhi (Station Code: NDLS) and Mumbai (Bombay) (Station Code: CSTM) and between Delhi and Chennai (Station Code: MAS) and many trains like Bhopal Shatabdi, Bhopal Express, Malwa Express, Gondwana Express, Jabalpur - Jammutawi Express, Shreedham Express, Garib Rath, Tamil Nadu Express, Chennai Rajdhni etc. connect Agra with all major Indian cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune, Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Lucknow etc. every day. Some east-bound trains from Delhi also travel via Agra, so direct connections to points in Eastern India (including Kolkata) (Calcutta) are also available. There are close to 20 trains to New Delhi and Gwalior Junction every day, and at least three or four to Bhopal, Indore, Nagpur, Mumbai and Chennai.
Agra By Road
Idgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot, Ford depot and Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) are the major Bus Stands in Agra and is connected to most of the bigger cities in North India.
* From Delhi: NH2, a modern divided highway, connects the 200 km distance from Delhi to Agra. The drive is about 4 hours. The primary access to the highway is along Mathura Road in Delhi but, if coming from South Delhi or Delhi Airport, it is easier to take Aurobindo Marg (Mehrauli Road) and then work up to NH2 via Tughlakabad.
* From Jaipur: National Highway 11, a Four lane divided highway, connects Agra with Jaipur via the bird sanctuary town of Bharatpur. The distance of around 255 km can be covered in around 3–4 hours.
* From Gwalior A distance of around 120 km, takes around 1.5 hours on the National highway 3, also known as the Agra – Mumbai Highway.
* From Lucknow / Kanpur NH2, the divided modern highway, continues on to Kanpur (285 km, 5 hours) and from there to points East ending in Kolkata. From Kanpur, NH25 heads for the city of Lucknow (90 km, 2 hours). Agra has a major Road named as Mahatma Gandhi(MG) Road at the ceneral part known as heart line of Agra.
Tourist can hire a taxi for local sight seeing or agra visit from local taxi stand. A prepaid taxi counter is available at agra cantt railway station.
Distance Chart Agra - Distance Between - Agra Distance Chart From Different Cities of India
Nainital Tourism offers online booking for various Hotels & Resorts in Agra & whole Uttarakhand.
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